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Introduction about ARA (Arachidonic Acid)

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Introduction about ARA (Arachidonic Acid)


About Arachidonic Acid

Arachidonic Acid ,abbreviated to AA,is  5, 8, 11, 14-Eicosateraenoic Acid. It is a kind of  Polyunsatu-rated fatty acid (PUFA) that is most adundant active and essential to human body.It exists widely in human 's brain cells and nerve endings .60% of the human brain structural lipid ,of which AA accounts for approximately 40-50% of the total amount.

AA(Arachidonic Acid)'s Function:

*AA is an integral component to the brain and visual system development. It can advance intelligence and enhance the visual acuity.

*AA is equipped with a set of physiological activities, like esterify cholesterol, increase the flexibility of blood vessel, reduce blood viscosity, and adjust the blood cells functions

*AA plays an important role in preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and tumors.

*AA is the immediate precursors of those C20 derivatives like prostaglandin, leukotriene, and thromboxane. These biological active materials have a sound effect in protecting cardiovascular and immune system.

Present Situation of AA Applications

In 1996,US Martek Company first developed AA products;In 1997,Holland authorized that AA can be added into the formula food for the premature infant and underweight newborn infant as infant food enrichment;in 1999,the Ministry of Health of China listed AA as a new category of nutrition enrichment and extended its application range to milk powder for preschool children.

At present,products added with AA include AA infant milk powder,AA milk acid drink and refreshing beverage.Besides,a series of enrichment food containing AA have been developed market and AA has been as clinical medicine for curing high blood fat.In addition,AA can also work as biological cosmetic additive,the third generation functional health product,biological feedstuff and its additive,biological medicine etc.

In 1999,2000,2003,Ministry of Health has successively authorized AA consumption amount with the reference of GB 2760

Category(code) Nutritional fortifier
( 16.0 )
Nutritional fortifier
( 16.0 )
Nutritional fortifier
( 16.0 )
Implementation date 1999/06 2000/05 2003/05
Applications Infant formula foods Infant formula milk powder Formula milk powder
For pre-school children
Maximum consumption
Calculate on As AA
Calculate on AA
of the fatty acids